Shahr-e Sukhteh is considered the oldest civilization in the world.
This city is a valuable region for archeologists and history enthusiasts, due to the historical prominent capacities and high volume of discovered works.
In a trip to Shahr-e Sukhteh, you enter a big desert museum where a treasure is hidden on every side of it. Today, we have a trip to this mysterious city!
Other names of Shahr-e Sukhteh
Shahr-e Sukhteh is considered a spectacular place of Zabol and it is located in Sistan va Balouchestan.
This ancient region was the communication highway of the Indian subcontinent and central Asia with civilizations that were on the margin of Persian Gulf.
In fact, this city includes a large part of the ancient civilization of Iran and cultural roots in the east of Iran’s plateau and is considered the center of civilization in ancient times.
This city was one of the biggest cities of ancient Iran and also provides comprehensive information about the culture, economy, and society of ancient Iran in Sistan.
In archeologists’ surveys about this city and also in the vast studies of historians, there is a remarkable transformation in the fields of interior trading, foreign business, urbanization and architecture, medicine, art, agriculture, and all of the sciences related to these things.
This city is called “Art City” due to the discovery of artistic prominent works and also called “Science City”, due to scientific findings in the field of medicine.
The absence of battle towers and ramparts caused this city to be called “Peace City”.
Treasures of Shahr-e Sukhteh
this city had the most modern civilizations; so that medical and science passed one of its most modern periods there.
Years ago, the body of a woman was found in this city there was a dark sphere in her left eye.
On this sphere, there were circular in the form of a pupil and also, narrow lines of gold wire in the form of capillaries on the sclera.
Researchers believe that the artificial eye belongs to a 30 years old woman.
one of the amazing findings in this city is the first surgery on the skull in the world. In this skull, there were traces of a triangle gap on the right side of it. Researchers say that it belongs to a 12 or 13 years old girl.
Cemetery: more than 50 years ago, a big cemetery was found. The graves of it were built with mud brick, but they have some differences in form and size. Some crockery and dishes were found in the graves.
Ruler: a ruler with high accuracy was found in this city that has 10 cm length and half a millimeter accuracy that is considered an amazing figure for more than 4000 years ago.
Backgammon: this is the oldest backgammon in the world; even though it is older than the backgammon that was found in the royal gravestone of “Ur” in Mesopotamia.
The taws of this backgammon is made from the stones of lapis lazuli, onyx, and turquoise.
Animation: the first animation of the world found in this region was the pattern of a goat on a clay cup that moves in 5 directions and feeds from a branch.
the jewelry that was found shows that the people in this period used valuable metals like gold and made beautiful necklaces and jewelry.
The person’s jewelry was buried with him.
8: Water piping: water and sewage piping was found in this city still there are some remnants of it in this city.
Other findings include comb, shoe and belt, rice, dried fish, shoemaking industry, knitting, and also fabrics and leather accessories.
Why this place is called Shahr-e Sukhteh?
“Shahr-e Sukhteh” is the name that the British military gave to this city in the Qajar period and after his visit to this city for the first time.
Because there was lots of ash around this city, it was concluded that probably a big fire happened there; but these ashes just remained from industrial furnaces. Others believe that this city was fired twice.
A short history of Shahr-e Sukhteh
The antiquity of this city returns to 5000 years ago and its civilization is along with the Jiroft civilization and Bronze Age.
The different periods of urbanization in this ancient city are being investigated in the distance of 1800 to 3200 years BC.
Based on the evidence found, the life of this city is divided into four periods that include city establishment, growth and prosperity, the beginning of the decline, and the period of destruction of the city.
When is the best time to visit the ancient region of Zabol?
The climate of Shahr-e Sukhteh is considered one of the least rainfall climates in Iran.
The low rate of yearly rain and high temperature especially in summer has made this region as one of the hottest regions.
In addition, strong seasonal winds are blown in this region and caused storms in it.
In fact, the temperature of the weather in this city is often warm.
Even in winters, the temperature is not less than 15 degrees centigrade. We suggest that visit this region in fall and late winter.
Residence on a trip to Shahr-e Sukhteh
- Aram hotel of Zabol
- Kolbeh Aramesh residence: 50 km
- Kianseh residence: 60 km
- Manzelab residence: 180 km
Which province does Shahr-e Sukhteh located?
Sistan va Balouchestan.
Can you name some treasures of this city?
Artificial eye, brain surgery, etc.
What was the pattern of the first animation?
There are many historical attractions in the wide region of Shahr-e Sukhteh;
although according to the high value of this city, we can say that this city is separated from other tourist attractions of Iran.
The hot and dry weather and climate conditions of Sistan va Balouchestan and the lack of amenities in this territory are the reasons that tourists do not pay much attention to this city.
Have you ever had a trip to Shahr-e Sukhteh?
Which treasure of this city surprised you? Share your opinions with us…