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Iran Deserts

History writes that there was once a nation that defined power, culture, and modesty; over time, this nation faded, but the culture was preserved and lived on, they say that heroes get remembered, but legends never die.

Iran, a country in the western part of Asia and the heart of the middle east, is home to many poets, artisans, and scientists.

This country is dry heaven, as we like to put it; more than half of Iran consists of deserts, hot and sandy places that make it hard to habit in.

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But there are some facts about the people that live in this country and the Iran deserts that will amaze you. So, keep reading this article with us and dive into the history lane of this beautiful nation.

You will read:

  1. • Where is Iran?
  2. • What are the deserts in Iran?
  3. • The living situation in desert areas.
  4. • Culture.
  5. • In the end.

Are you ready to study and learn about an ancient nation that remains today?

If the answer is yes, we shall start with a short definition of where Iran is:

Where is Iran?

As was noted in the introductory paragraph to the section that went into further detail about the area, Iran is located in both Southwest Asia and the Middle East.

The Caspian Sea can be found to its west, the Gulf of Oman can be located to its south, and the Persian Gulf can be found to its east.

The buildup of deserts can also be observed in this country’s central region, located in the continent.

As can be seen, the Iran deserts are among the most important historical sites and popular tourist destinations in this country.

To proceed, we would like to take a cursory glance at the culture of this nation to acquaint you with Iran more:

Iran culture

When we talk about the rich culture, Iran’s name comes to mind.

For thousands of years ago, many great kings ruled these lands.

They had different ideologies, but overall, they valued their nation; scientists like EBN-E SINA, who discovered alcohol, and many more are the legacy of this nation.

Tehran, the metropolis of Iran that is currently the capital of this country, is a mixture of ancient architecture and modern innovations;

if you are a traveller and you are wondering about your next destination, you might want to revisit the idea of seeing Iran.

This was a quick intro to Iran, and now let’s move on to the section of this essay that is concentrated on the Iran deserts:

What are the deserts in Iran? (4 famous Iran deserts)

One of the most significant facts about the Iran deserts located in this country is that almost 325000 square kilometres of Iran are deserts, and as you would take, this is an enormous number.

Now let’s list all of the deserts in this country and talk about every single one of them:

1- Central desert or DASHT-E KAVIR

DASHT-E KAVIR is the biggest of them all on the list, the word “KAVIR” translates to the desert, and the word “DASHT” means plain, there is a paradox in the naming, but the beauty of the matter lies here.

This Iran-specific desert is 400km wide and 300km long, and as we mentioned, it makes this desert the biggest one in Iran.

This desert is the bed of sand that covers the entire area. Besides, not many life forms are found in the DASHT-E KAVIR desert, yet the habitant ones are hazardous.

The salt fields and particles that float in the air and among the dunes make it almost impossible for any plant to grow, even for breeds like cactus.

When we tend the matter of weather and temperature in this particular desert, the result is terrifying;

on summer days, the sun is at its highest, the temperature in this area can reach up to 60 degrees, and in the counterpoint, at night, it can drop down to -7 which is enough to freeze any life form that has entered to these lands unprepared.

You might think that people that visit the site are mad or out of their minds, but it’s quite the opposite.

If you start your journey prepared, the sunsets and the night stars that you can see in the DASHT-E KAVIR are transcendent, and you can’t find a duplicate anywhere.


We are sure that you have heard of the Bermuda Triangle. As you know, this area is located in the Caribbean Sea, and it’s famous for the unexplainable incidents that have happened at that location.

There is another replica of that place right in the middle of Iran, and it’s called the RIG-E JENN.

RIG-E JENN desert is located inside the DASHT-E KAVIR but has a different story overall.

The climate conditions are extreme in this area of the desert, meaning if you have the best equipment, you may still pass out from dehydration or freeze from the cold.

Animal and plant breeds habiting this area are partly unknown because the research was called off and stayed limited, but there have been some Persian zebras seen in this area by the locals.

There are myths about these sands, locals say that these sands are alive and they talk to the passenger and drag them deep in the sands, they add that these are sacrifices for the goddess of sands that is present in these dunes, and some individuals even claim that they have seen her.

Read more: Where is the Khara Desert of Isfahan? (Varzaneh)

But as we said, this is just a myth. We can deny or confirm it. What do you think?


This one is just unique as the other ones.

The DASHT-E LUT has a place on the list of hottest spots in the world. This plain is located beside the Kerman, one of the central cities of Iran, and has 25th place on the list of most extensive deserts ever.

There are some critical differences between the DASHT-E LUT. The rocks and peaks existing in this desert are nowhere to be found in any other desert; they are like the Grand Canyon.

Six years passed, and the DASHT-E Lut desert was named the hottest area on Earth. According to UNESCO, this area is one of the first-hand heritages of this nation.

The animal and plant coverage is tricky in this area, you may find a pound of water every 100 meters, or you see only sand for kilometres. Some parts have living creatures and plant formation, but it’s limited.


SHAHDAD KALUTS desert is a part of LUT KAVIR, and it’s close to the Kerman than the actual LUT itself.

This one is one of the most gorgeous places on Earth, and there are reasons for that; on the night of the full moon, if you go sightseeing in this location, you will see clouds of mist that is rare in areas like the desert.

The SHAHDAD is undoubtedly one of the best Iran deserts.

Now that we learned about the summary of the deserts in Iran, let’s see the living situations in these areas.

So far, you are aware of the most famous Iran deserts, but in the following, let us focus on the deserts situated surrounding Isfahan’s city.

The deserts around the Isfahan (+2 most visited deserts)

• Maranjab Desert:

In the Maranjab Desert, which is situated sixty kilometres to the north of the town of Aran va Bigol in the region of Isfahan, you will have the chance to explore the Silk Road in the same manner as visitors did approximately five or six hundred years ago.

This strange desert has many other marvellous sights, such as the “Wandering Island,” a hill that floats gorgeously due to mirage and optical illusion, and the Safavid Maranjab Caravanserai, which was crafted during the commonwealth of Shah Abbas.

In addition to dunes and a starry sky at night, this desert also has many other beautiful attractions.

2- Mesr Desert:

Jandagh Village, situated in the very centre of the desert, is located 45 kilometres away from the Mesr Desert. There are just 120 people who still call this village home.

Egypt is referred to as “Mesr” in the Persian language. This location is also referred to as “Mesr” in honour of a man named Yousef, who, many years ago, constructed water well to provide the locals with water.

The Mesr Desert is one of the most incredible and famous deserts in central Iran for several different reasons, including the golden dunes that beckon you to walk on them and feel the smooth sand beneath your bare feet, the bright and expansive night sky that is filled with stars that are so bright that they appear to be tangible, the excellent and clear air, and the friendly locals who will host you at desert ecolodges.

The living situation in Iran’s desert areas

As we mentioned before, there is anonymous information about the habit situation in most of Iran’s deserts, but what about people?

Most of the residents are more comfortable staying at the borders of these spots where there is enough plant and water to visit alive for the long-term conditions.

These days there is an airport in every city. Still, the traveling situation in these areas is mainly done by animals like Camels because they are more suited and standing in the excruciating heat of the desert.

There is nothing more to say about these deserts’ living situation, so let’s jump to the next chapter, the culture.

In the end

Iran is a beautiful country in the heart of the middle east, and it consists of variant deserts.

While gorgeous, they can be dangerous so if you have the thought that you want to visit the Iran deserts one day, make sure to be prepared.

Iran deserts are considered sacred and valuable heritage; we hardly recommend you insert this fantastic place in your next world tour.

If you have any other questions or facts that you want to add to the “Iran deserts” article, don’t hesitate to contact us via the comment section below and write down your thoughts, and we will be responding to your comment as soon as possible.

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Hi, I'm Daniel. I am a content creator of this website. On this website, we try to provide useful information about Isfahan and its tourist places. If you have any questions, you can ask us or write to us in the comments section, we will answer you as soon as possible. Subscribe to our newsletter to receive the latest site content.

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